The Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) Office of Inspector General (OIG) recently published its 2013 “Work Plan”—the agency’s roadmap for fighting fraud and abuse during the coming year. Meanwhile, HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius, and U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder issued a joint letter to five major health care organizations, including the American Hospital Association and the Association of American Medical Colleges, warning of “troubling indications” of abuse in the way hospitals use electronic health records (EHR) to bill for Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement. This joint letter follows CMS’ recently released final rule specifying Stage 2 meaningful use requirements for the Medicare and Medicaid Electronic Health Record Incentive Program. We published an alert last month on the new meaningful use regulations, which can be read here.
In announcing its goals for 2013, the OIG first outlined its recent successes in fighting health care fraud. The agency noted, for instance, that it recovered $5.2 billion alone in fiscal year 2011. The agency excluded 2,662 individuals and organizations from participating in Medicare, Medicaid, and other federal health care programs and reported 723 criminal health care fraud actions and 382 OIG-led civil actions. The Work Plan reports on ongoing initiatives, as well as new programs for 2013. The OIG’s new targets for 2013 include the following:
All of this builds upon dozens of ongoing OIG projects, including a review of physician-owned distributors of medical devices; whether diagnostic sleep labs are billing for tests that are not reasonable and necessary, questionable billing for clinical lab service and a range of initiatives related to durable medical equipment suppliers and imaging providers. The full OIG Work Plan is available here.
Meanwhile, with CMS’ meaningful use program up and running, it was only a matter of time before EHRs took on a position as a new front in the war against fraud and abuse. The Joint Letter (which is located through a link at the end of the alert) warns that regulators will not tolerate what it described as attempts to “game the system” and vowed to vigorously prosecute doctors and hospitals involved in such fraud.
Attorney General Holder and Secretary Sebelius reiterated that “electronic health records have the potential to save money and save lives” but that “[t]here are troubling indications that some providers are using this technology to game the system, possibly to obtain payments to which they are not entitled. False documentation of care is not just bad patient care; it’s illegal.” The letter notes specific concerns about “cloning” of medical records, where information about one patient is repeated in other records, to inflate reimbursement. “There are also reports that some hospitals may be using electronic health records to facilitate ‘upcoding’ of the intensity of care or severity of patients’ condition as a means to profit with no commensurate improvement in the quality of care,” the letter continues.
Addressing the government’s resolve to prevent and prosecute health care fraud, the letter states that CMS is “reviewing billing through audits,” “initiating more extensive medical reviews,” including “comparative billing reports,” and addressing “inappropriate increases in coding intensity in its payment rules.” While not unprecedented, the letter is particularly terse and is delivered when the issue of Medicare costs is being hotly debated in the presidential campaign.
The Joint Letter coincides with other initiatives found in the 2013 Work Plan that target EHRs, including improper evaluation and management billing related to EHR documentation; fraud vulnerabilities created through EHRs; and whether providers are receiving improper payments under the Medicare or Medicaid meaningful use programs (because they have not met the underlying meaningful use core or objective measures that trigger receipt of those payments). The OIG has also indicated that it will evaluate what CMS is doing to recoup improper meaningful use incentive payments.
If you have any questions about the 2013 OIG Work Plan or the EHR incentive program, please contact Jeremy Johnson (firstname.lastname@example.org, 612.632.3035) or Jesse Berg (email@example.com, 612.632.3374).
This article is provided for general informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice or legal opinion on any specific facts or circumstances. You are urged to consult a lawyer concerning any specific legal questions you may have.
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